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習近平在聯合國日內瓦總部的演講(雙語全文)

  1月18日,國家主席習近平在聯合國日內瓦總部發表了題為《共同構建人類命運共同體》的主旨演講。演講全文如下:

 

 

共同構建人類命運共同體

  Work Together to Build a Community of Shared Future for Mankind
 
  中華人民共和國主席習近平
  Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping 
  President of the People’s Republic of China
 
  2017年1月18日,日內瓦
  Geneva, 18 January 2017


  尊敬的聯合國大會主席湯姆森先生,
  Your Excellency Mr. Peter Thomson, President of the 71st Session of the UN General Assembly,

  尊敬的聯合國秘書長古特雷斯先生,
  Your Excellency Mr. António Guterres, UN Secretary-General,

  尊敬的聯合國日內瓦總部總干事穆勒先生,
  Your Excellency Mr. Michael Muller, Director-General of the UN Office at Geneva,

  女士們,先生們,朋友們:
  Ladies and Gentlemen,Friends,

  一元復始,萬象更新。很高興在新年伊始就來到聯合國日內瓦總部,同大家一起探討構建人類命運共同體這一時代命題。
  As a new year begins, everything takes on a new look, and it gives me great pleasure to visit the United Nations Office at Geneva and discuss with you the building of a community of shared future for mankind, which is the call of our time.

  我剛剛出席了世界經濟論壇年會。在達沃斯,各方在發言中普遍談到,當今世界充滿不確定性,人們對未來既寄予期待又感到困惑。世界怎么了、我們怎么辦?這是整個世界都在思考的問題,也是我一直在思考的問題。
  I just attended the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting. In Davos, many speakers pointed out in their speeches that today’s world is full of uncertainties and that people long for a bright future but are bewildered about what will come. What has happened to the world and how should we respond? The whole world is reflecting on this question, and it is also very much on my mind.

  我認為,回答這個問題,首先要弄清楚一個最基本的問題,就是我們從哪里來、現在在哪里、將到哪里去?
  I believe that to answer this question, we need to get clear about a fundamental issue: Where did we come from? Where are we now? And where are we going?

  回首最近100多年的歷史,人類經歷了血腥的熱戰、冰冷的冷戰,也取得了驚人的發展、巨大的進步。上世紀上半葉以前,人類遭受了兩次世界大戰的劫難,那一代人最迫切的愿望,就是免于戰爭、締造和平。上世紀五六十年代,殖民地人民普遍覺醒,他們最強勁的呼聲,就是擺脫枷鎖、爭取獨立。冷戰結束后,各方最殷切的訴求,就是擴大合作、共同發展。
  Over the past century and more, mankind has gone through bloody hot wars and the chilling Cold War, but also achieved remarkable development and huge progress. In the first half of last century, mankind suffered the scourges of two world wars, and the people yearned for the end of war and the advent of peace. In the 1950s and 1960s, people in colonies awakened and fought to shake off shackles and achieve independence. Since the end of the Cold War, people have pursued a shared aspiration, namely, to expand cooperation and promote common development.

  這100多年全人類的共同愿望,就是和平與發展。然而,這項任務至今遠遠沒有完成。我們要順應人民呼聲,接過歷史接力棒,繼續在和平與發展的馬拉松跑道上奮勇向前。
  Peace and development: this has been the aspiration held dear by mankind over the past century. However, the goal to achieve peace and development is far from being met. We need to respond to the people’s call, take up the baton of history and forge ahead on the marathon track toward peace and development.

  人類正處在大發展大變革大調整時期。世界多極化、經濟全球化深入發展,社會信息化、文化多樣化持續推進,新一輪科技革命和產業革命正在孕育成長,各國相互聯系、相互依存,全球命運與共、休戚相關,和平力量的上升遠遠超過戰爭因素的增長,和平、發展、合作、共贏的時代潮流更加強勁。
  Mankind is in an era of major development as well as profound transformation and change. The trend toward multi-polarity and economic globalization is surging. IT application in social development and cultural diversity are making continued progress. A new round of scientific and industrial revolution is in the making. Interconnection and interdependence between countries are crucial for human survival. The forces for peace far outweigh factors causing war, and the trend of our times toward peace, development, cooperation and win-win outcomes has gained stronger momentum.

  同時,人類也正處在一個挑戰層出不窮、風險日益增多的時代。世界經濟增長乏力,金融危機陰云不散,發展鴻溝日益突出,兵戎相見時有發生,冷戰思維和強權政治陰魂不散,恐怖主義、難民危機、重大傳染性疾病、氣候變化等非傳統安全威脅持續蔓延。
  On the other hand, mankind is also in an era of numerous challenges and increasing risks. Global growth is sluggish, the impact of the financial crisis lingers on and the development gap is widening. Armed conflicts occur from time to time, Cold War mentality and power politics still exist and non-conventional security threats, particularly terrorism, refugee crisis, major communicable diseases and climate change, are spreading.

  宇宙只有一個地球,人類共有一個家園。霍金先生提出關于“平行宇宙”的猜想,希望在地球之外找到第二個人類得以安身立命的星球。這個愿望什么時候才能實現還是個未知數。到目前為止,地球是人類唯一賴以生存的家園,珍愛和呵護地球是人類的唯一選擇。瑞士聯邦大廈穹頂上刻著拉丁文銘文“人人為我,我為人人”。我們要為當代人著想,還要為子孫后代負責。
  There is only one Earth in the universe and we mankind have only one homeland. Stephen Hawking has raised the proposition about “parallel universe”, hoping to find another place in the universe where mankind could live. We do not know when his wish will come true. Until today, Earth is still the only home to mankind, so to care for and cherish it is the only option for us mankind. There is a Latin motto inscribed in the dome of the Federal Palace of Switzerland which says “Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno” (One for all, and all for one). We should not only think about our own generation, but also take responsibility for future ones.

  女士們、先生們、朋友們!
  Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,

  讓和平的薪火代代相傳,讓發展的動力源源不斷,讓文明的光芒熠熠生輝,是各國人民的期待,也是我們這一代政治家應有的擔當。中國方案是:構建人類命運共同體,實現共贏共享。
  Pass on the torch of peace from generation to generation, sustain development and make civilization flourish: this is what people of all countries long for; it is also the responsibility statesmen of our generation ought to shoulder. And China’s proposition is: build a community of shared future for mankind and achieve shared and win-win development.

  理念引領行動,方向決定出路。縱觀近代以來的歷史,建立公正合理的國際秩序是人類孜孜以求的目標。從360多年前《威斯特伐利亞和約》確立的平等和主權原則,到150多年前日內瓦公約確立的國際人道主義精神;從70多年前聯合國憲章明確的四大宗旨和七項原則,到60多年前萬隆會議倡導的和平共處五項原則,國際關系演變積累了一系列公認的原則。這些原則應該成為構建人類命運共同體的基本遵循。
  Vision guides action and direction determines the future. As modern history shows, to establish a fair and equitable international order is the goal mankind has always striven for. From the principles of equality and sovereignty established in the Peace of Westphalia over 360 years ago to international humanitarianism affirmed in the Geneva Convention 150-plus years ago; from the four purposes and seven principles enshrined in the UN Charter more than 70 years ago to the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence championed by the Bandung Conference over 60 years ago, many principles have emerged in the evolution of international relations and become widely accepted. These principles should guide us in building a community of shared future for mankind.

  主權平等,是數百年來國與國規范彼此關系最重要的準則,也是聯合國及所有機構、組織共同遵循的首要原則。主權平等,真諦在于國家不分大小、強弱、貧富,主權和尊嚴必須得到尊重,內政不容干涉,都有權自主選擇社會制度和發展道路。在聯合國、世界貿易組織、世界衛生組織、世界知識產權組織、世界氣象組織、國際電信聯盟、萬國郵政聯盟、國際移民組織、國際勞工組織等機構,各國平等參與決策,構成了完善全球治理的重要力量。新形勢下,我們要堅持主權平等,推動各國權利平等、機會平等、規則平等。
  Sovereign equality is the most important norm governing state-to-state relations over the past centuries and the cardinal principle observed by the United Nations and all other international organizations. The essence of sovereign equality is that the sovereignty and dignity of all countries, whether big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, must be respected, their internal affairs allow no interference and they have the right to independently choose their social system and development path. In organizations such as the United Nations, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, World Intellectual Property Organization, World Meteorological Organization, International Telecommunication Union, Universal Postal Union, International Organization for Migration and International Labor Organization, countries have an equal voice in decision-making, constituting an important force for improving global governance. In a new era, we should uphold sovereign equality and work for equality in right, opportunity and rules for all countries.

  日內瓦見證了印度支那和平問題最后宣言的通過,見證了冷戰期間兩大對峙陣營國家領導人首次和解會議,見證了伊朗核、敘利亞等熱點問題對話和談判。歷史和現實給我們的啟迪是:溝通協商是化解分歧的有效之策,政治談判是解決沖突的根本之道。只要懷有真誠愿望,秉持足夠善意,展現政治智慧,再大的沖突都能化解,再厚的堅冰都能打破。
  Geneva witnessed the adoption of the Final Declaration on the Problem of Restoring Peace in Indo-China, the first summit meeting for reconciliation between the two blocs during the Cold War and the dialogue and negotiations on hotspot issues like the Iranian nuclear issue and the Syrian issue. What we can learn from both past and present is that dialogue and consultation is an effective way to bridge differences and political negotiation is the fundamental solution to end conflicts. When we have sincere wish, goodwill and political wisdom, no conflict is too big to settle and no ice is too thick to break.

  “法者,治之端也”。在日內瓦,各國以聯合國憲章為基礎,就政治安全、貿易發展、社會人權、科技衛生、勞工產權、文化體育等領域達成了一系列國際公約和法律文書。法律的生命在于付諸實施,各國有責任維護國際法治權威,依法行使權利,善意履行義務。法律的生命也在于公平正義,各國和國際司法機構應該確保國際法平等統一適用,不能搞雙重標準,不能“合則用、不合則棄”,真正做到“無偏無黨,王道蕩蕩”。
  An ancient Chinese philosopher said, “Law is the very foundation of governance.” Here in Geneva, countries, on the basis of the UN Charter, concluded a number of international conventions and legal documents on political security, trade, development, social issues, human rights, science and technology, health, labor, intellectual property, culture and sports. The relevance of law lies in its enforcement. It is thus incumbent on all countries to uphold the authority of the international rule of law, exercise their rights in accordance with law and fulfill their obligations in good faith. The relevance of law also lies in fairness and justice. All countries and international judicial institutions should ensure equal and uniform application of international law and reject double standards and the practice of applying international law in a selective way, thus ensuring genuine equality and justice in the world.

  “海納百川,有容乃大。”開放包容,筑就了日內瓦多邊外交大舞臺。我們要推進國際關系民主化,不能搞“一國獨霸”或“幾方共治”。世界命運應該由各國共同掌握,國際規則應該由各國共同書寫,全球事務應該由各國共同治理,發展成果應該由各國共同分享。
  “The ocean is vast because it admits all rivers.” Openness and inclusiveness have made Geneva a center of multilateral diplomacy. We should advance democracy in international relations and reject dominance by just one or several countries. All countries should jointly shape the future of the world, write international rules, manage global affairs and ensure that development outcomes are shared by all.

  1862年,亨利·杜楠先生在《沙斐利洛的回憶》中追問:能否成立人道主義組織?能否制定人道主義公約?“杜楠之問”很快有了答案,次年,紅十字國際委員會應運而生。經過150多年發展,紅十字成為一種精神、一面旗幟。面對頻發的人道主義危機,我們應該弘揚人道、博愛、奉獻的精神,為身陷困境的無辜百姓送去關愛,送去希望;應該秉承中立、公正、獨立的基本原則,避免人道主義問題政治化,堅持人道主義援助非軍事化。
  In 1862, in his book Un Souvenir de Solférino, Henry Dunant pondered the question of whether it is possible to set up humanitarian organizations and conclude humanitarian conventions. The answer came one year later with the founding of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Over the past 150-plus years, the Red Cross has become a symbol and a banner. In the face of frequent humanitarian crises, we should champion the spirit of humanity, compassion and dedication and give love and hope to the innocent people caught in dire situations. We should uphold the basic principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence, refrain from politicizing humanitarian issues and ensure non-militarization of humanitarian assistance.

  女士們、先生們、朋友們!
  Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,

  大道至簡,實干為要。構建人類命運共同體,關鍵在行動。我認為,國際社會要從伙伴關系、安全格局、經濟發展、文明交流、生態建設等方面作出努力。
  Great visions can be realized only through actions. Actions hold the key to building a community of shared future for mankind. To achieve this goal, the international community should promote partnership, security, growth, inter-civilization exchanges and the building of a sound ecosystem.

  ——堅持對話協商,建設一個持久和平的世界。國家和,則世界安;國家斗,則世界亂。從公元前的伯羅奔尼撒戰爭到兩次世界大戰,再到延續40余年的冷戰,教訓慘痛而深刻。“前事不忘,后事之師。”我們的先輩建立了聯合國,為世界贏得70余年相對和平。我們要完善機制和手段,更好化解紛爭和矛盾、消弭戰亂和沖突。
  — We should stay committed to building a world of lasting peace through dialogue and consultation. When countries enjoy peace, so will the world; when countries fight, the world suffers. From the Peloponnesian War in the fifth century BC to the two world wars and the Cold War that lasted more than four decades, we have drawn painful and profound lessons. “History, if not forgotten, can serve as a guide for the future.” By establishing the United Nations, those before us won more than 70 years of relative peace for the world. What we need to do is to improve the mechanisms and means to more effectively resolve disputes, reduce tension and put an end to wars and conflicts.

  瑞士作家、諾貝爾文學獎獲得者黑塞說:“不應為戰爭和毀滅效勞,而應為和平與諒解服務。”國家之間要構建對話不對抗、結伴不結盟的伙伴關系。大國要尊重彼此核心利益和重大關切,管控矛盾分歧,努力構建不沖突不對抗、相互尊重、合作共贏的新型關系。只要堅持溝通、真誠相處,“修昔底德陷阱”就可以避免。大國對小國要平等相待,不搞唯我獨尊、強買強賣的霸道。任何國家都不能隨意發動戰爭,不能破壞國際法治,不能打開潘多拉的盒子。核武器是懸在人類頭上的“達摩克利斯之劍”,應該全面禁止并最終徹底銷毀,實現無核世界。要秉持和平、主權、普惠、共治原則,把深海、極地、外空、互聯網等領域打造成各方合作的新疆域,而不是相互博弈的競技場。
  The Swiss writer and Nobel laureate Hermann Hesse stressed the importance of serving “not war and destruction but peace and reconciliation”. Countries should foster partnerships based on dialogue, non-confrontation and non-alliance. Major powers should respect each other’s core interests and major concerns, keep their differences under control and build a new model of relations featuring non-conflict, non-confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation. As long as we maintain communication and treat each other with sincerity, the “Thucydides trap” can be avoided. Big countries should treat smaller ones as equals instead of acting as a hegemon imposing their will on others. No country should open the Pandora’s box by willfully waging wars or undermining the international rule of law. Nuclear weapons, the Sword of Damocles that hangs over mankind, should be completely prohibited and thoroughly destroyed over time to make the world free of nuclear weapons. Guided by the principle of peace, sovereignty, inclusiveness and shared governance, we should turn the deep sea, the polar regions, the outer space and the Internet into new frontiers for cooperation rather than a wrestling ground for competition.

  ——堅持共建共享,建設一個普遍安全的世界。世上沒有絕對安全的世外桃源,一國的安全不能建立在別國的動蕩之上,他國的威脅也可能成為本國的挑戰。鄰居出了問題,不能光想著扎好自家籬笆,而應該去幫一把。“單則易折,眾則難摧。”各方應該樹立共同、綜合、合作、可持續的安全觀。
  — We should build a world of common security for all through joint efforts. No country in the world can enjoy absolute security. A country cannot have security while others are in turmoil, as threats facing other countries may haunt itself also. When neighbors are in trouble, instead of tightening his own fences, one should extend a helping hand to them. As a saying goes, “United we stand, divided we fall.” All countries should pursue common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security.

  近年來,在歐洲、北非、中東發生的恐怖襲擊事件再次表明,恐怖主義是人類公敵。反恐是各國共同義務,既要治標,更要治本。要加強協調,建立全球反恐統一戰線,為各國人民撐起安全傘。當前,難民數量已經創下第二次世界大戰結束以來的歷史紀錄。危機需要應對,根源值得深思。如果不是有家難歸,誰會顛沛流離?聯合國難民署、國際移民組織等要發揮統籌協調作用,動員全球力量有效應對。中國決定提供2億元人民幣新的人道援助,用于幫助敘利亞難民和流離失所者。恐怖主義、難民危機等問題都同地緣沖突密切相關,化解沖突是根本之策。當事各方要通過協商談判,其他各方應該積極勸和促談,尊重聯合國發揮斡旋主渠道作用。禽流感、埃博拉、寨卡等疫情不斷給國際衛生安全敲響警鐘。世界衛生組織要發揮引領作用,加強疫情監測、信息溝通、經驗交流、技術分享。國際社會應該加大對非洲等發展中國家衛生事業的支持和援助。
  Terrorist attacks that have occurred in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East in recent years once again demonstrate that terrorism is the common enemy of mankind. Fighting terrorism is the shared responsibility of all countries. In fighting terror, we should not just treat the symptoms, but remove its root causes. We should enhance coordination and build a global united front against terrorism so as to create an umbrella of security for people around the world. The number of refugees has hit a record high since the end of the Second World War. While tackling the crisis, we should also get to its roots. Why would anyone want to be displaced if they have a home to return to? UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration should act as the coordinator to mobilize the whole world to respond effectively to the refugee crisis. China has decided to provide an additional 200 million yuan of humanitarian assistance for refugees and the displaced of Syria. As terrorism and refugee crises are closely linked to geopolitical conflicts, resolving conflicts provides the fundamental solution to such problems. Parties directly involved should return to the negotiating table, and other parties should work to facilitate talks for peace, and we should all respect the role the UN plays as the main channel for mediation. Pandemic diseases such as bird flu, Ebola and Zika have sounded the alarm for international health security. The WHO should play a leadership role in strengthening epidemic monitoring and sharing of information, practices and technologies. The international community should step up support and assistance for public health in African countries and other developing countries.

  ——堅持合作共贏,建設一個共同繁榮的世界。發展是第一要務,適用于各國。各國要同舟共濟,而不是以鄰為壑。各國特別是主要經濟體要加強宏觀政策協調,兼顧當前和長遠,著力解決深層次問題。要抓住新一輪科技革命和產業變革的歷史性機遇,轉變經濟發展方式,堅持創新驅動,進一步發展社會生產力、釋放社會創造力。要維護世界貿易組織規則,支持開放、透明、包容、非歧視性的多邊貿易體制,構建開放型世界經濟。如果搞貿易保護主義、畫地為牢,損人不利己。
  — We should build a world of common prosperity through win-win cooperation. Development is the top priority for all countries. Instead of beggaring thy neighbor, countries should stick together like passengers in the same boat. All countries, the main economies in particular, should strengthen macro policy coordination, pursue both current and long-term interests and focus on resolving deep-seated problems. We should seize the historic opportunity presented by the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, shift growth models, drive growth through innovation and further unleash social productivity and social creativity. We should uphold WTO rules, support an open, transparent, inclusive and nondiscriminatory multilateral trading regime and build an open world economy. Trade protectionism and self-isolation will benefit no one.

  經濟全球化是歷史大勢,促成了貿易大繁榮、投資大便利、人員大流動、技術大發展。本世紀初以來,在聯合國主導下,借助經濟全球化,國際社會制定和實施了千年發展目標和2030年可持續發展議程,推動11億人口脫貧,19億人口獲得安全飲用水,35億人口用上互聯網等,還將在2030年實現零貧困。這充分說明,經濟全球化的大方向是正確的。當然,發展失衡、治理困境、數字鴻溝、公平赤字等問題也客觀存在。這些是前進中的問題,我們要正視并設法解決,但不能因噎廢食。
  Economic globalization, a surging historical trend, has greatly facilitated trade, investment, flow of people and technological advances. Since the turn of the century, under the auspices of the UN and riding on the waves of economic globalization, the international community has set the Millennium Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Thanks to these initiatives, 1.1 billion people have been lifted out of poverty, 1.9 billion people now have access to safe drinking water, 3.5 billion people have gained access to the Internet, and the goal has been set to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030. All this demonstrates that economic globalization is moving in the right direction. Of course, challenges such as development disparity, governance dilemma, digital divide and equity deficit still exist. But they are growing pains. We should face these problems and tackle them, instead of taking no action, as we Chinese like to say, one should not stop eating for fear of getting choked.

  我們要從歷史中汲取智慧。歷史學家早就斷言,經濟快速發展使社會變革成為必需,經濟發展易獲支持,而社會變革常遭抵制。我們不能因此踟躕不前,而要砥礪前行。我們也要從現實中尋找答案。2008年爆發的國際金融危機啟示我們,引導經濟全球化健康發展,需要加強協調、完善治理,推動建設一個開放、包容、普惠、平衡、共贏的經濟全球化,既要做大蛋糕,更要分好蛋糕,著力解決公平公正問題。
  We should draw inspiration from history. Historians told us long ago that rapid economic development makes social reform necessary; but people tend to support the former while rejecting the latter. Instead of watching in hesitation, we should move forward against all odds. Answers can also be found in reality. The 2008 international financial crisis teaches us that we should strengthen coordination and improve governance so as to ensure sound growth of economic globalization and make it open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all. We should both make the cake bigger and share it fairly to ensure justice and equity.

  去年9月,二十國集團領導人杭州峰會聚焦全球經濟治理等重大問題,通過《創新增長藍圖》,首次將發展問題納入全球宏觀政策框架,并制定了行動計劃。
  Last September, the G20 Summit in Hangzhou focused on global economic governance and other major issues, adopted the Blueprint on Innovative Growth, put development for the first time in global macro policy framework, and formulated an action plan.

  ——堅持交流互鑒,建設一個開放包容的世界。“和羹之美,在于合異。”人類文明多樣性是世界的基本特征,也是人類進步的源泉。世界上有200多個國家和地區、2500多個民族、多種宗教。不同歷史和國情,不同民族和習俗,孕育了不同文明,使世界更加豐富多彩。文明沒有高下、優劣之分,只有特色、地域之別。文明差異不應該成為世界沖突的根源,而應該成為人類文明進步的動力。
  — We should build an open and inclusive world through exchanges and mutual learning. Delicious soup is made by combining different ingredients. Diversity of human civilizations not only defines our world, but also drives progress of mankind. There are more than 200 countries and regions, over 2,500 ethnic groups and multiple religions in our world. Different histories, national conditions, ethnic groups and customs give birth to different civilizations and make the world a colorful one. There is no such thing as a superior or inferior civilization, and civilizations are different only in identity and location. Diversity of civilizations should not be a source of global conflict; rather, it should be an engine driving the advance of human civilizations.

  每種文明都有其獨特魅力和深厚底蘊,都是人類的精神瑰寶。不同文明要取長補短、共同進步,文明交流互鑒成為推動人類社會進步的動力、維護世界和平的紐帶。
  Every civilization, with its own appeal and root, is a human treasure. Diverse civilizations should draw on each other to achieve common progress. We should make exchanges among civilizations a source of inspiration for advancing human society and a bond that keeps the world in peace.

  ——堅持綠色低碳,建設一個清潔美麗的世界。人與自然共生共存,傷害自然最終將傷及人類。空氣、水、土壤、藍天等自然資源用之不覺、失之難續。工業化創造了前所未有的物質財富,也產生了難以彌補的生態創傷。我們不能吃祖宗飯、斷子孫路,用破壞性方式搞發展。綠水青山就是金山銀山。我們應該遵循天人合一、道法自然的理念,尋求永續發展之路。
  — We should make our world clean and beautiful by pursuing green and low-carbon development. Man coexists with nature, which means that any harm to nature will eventually come back to haunt man. We hardly notice natural resources such as air, water, soil and blue sky when we have them. But we won’t be able to survive without them. Industrialization has created material wealth never seen before, but it has also inflicted irreparable damage to the environment. We must not exhaust all the resources passed on to us by previous generations and leave nothing to our children or pursue development in a destructive way. Clear waters and green mountains are as good as mountains of gold and silver. We must maintain harmony between man and nature and pursue sustainable development.

  我們要倡導綠色、低碳、循環、可持續的生產生活方式,平衡推進2030年可持續發展議程,不斷開拓生產發展、生活富裕、生態良好的文明發展道路。《巴黎協定》的達成是全球氣候治理史上的里程碑。我們不能讓這一成果付諸東流。各方要共同推動協定實施。中國將繼續采取行動應對氣候變化,百分之百承擔自己的義務。
  We should pursue green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable way of life and production, advance the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in a balanced manner and explore a model of sound development that ensures growth, better lives and a good environment. The Paris Agreement is a milestone in the history of climate governance. We must ensure this endeavor is not derailed. All parties should work together to implement the Paris Agreement. China will continue to take steps to tackle climate change and fully honor its obligations.

  瑞士軍刀是瑞士“工匠精神”的產物。我第一次得到一把瑞士軍刀時,我就很佩服人們能賦予它那么多功能。我想,如果我們能為我們這個世界打造一把精巧的瑞士軍刀就好了,人類遇到了什么問題,就用其中一個工具來解決它。我相信,只要國際社會不懈努力,這樣一把瑞士軍刀是可以打造出來的。
  Swiss army knife embodies Swiss craftsmanship. When I first got one, I was amazed that it has so many functions. I cannot help thinking how wonderful it would be if an exquisite Swiss army knife could be made for our world. When there is a problem, we can use one of the tools on the knife to fix it. I believe that with unremitting efforts of the international community, such a knife can be made.

  女士們、先生們、朋友們!
  Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,

  中國人始終認為,世界好,中國才能好;中國好,世界才更好。面向未來,很多人關心中國的政策走向,國際社會也有很多議論。在這里,我給大家一個明確的回答。
  For us Chinese, China will do well only when the world does well, and vice versa. Many people are quite interested in what policies China will pursue, and we have heard various views. Here, I wish to give you an explicit answer.

  第一,中國維護世界和平的決心不會改變。中華文明歷來崇尚“以和邦國”、“和而不同”、“以和為貴”。中國《孫子兵法》是一部著名兵書,但其第一句話就講:“兵者,國之大事,死生之地,存亡之道,不可不察也”,其要義是慎戰、不戰。幾千年來,和平融入了中華民族的血脈中,刻進了中國人民的基因里。
  First, China remains unchanged in its commitment to uphold world peace. Amity with neighbors, harmony without uniformity and peace are values cherished in the Chinese culture. The Art of War, a Chinese classic, begins with this observation, “The art of war is of vital importance to the State. It is a matter of life and death, a road to either survival or ruin. Hence it demands careful study.” What it means is that every effort should be made to prevent a war and great caution must be exercised when it comes to fighting a war. For several millennia, peace has been in the blood of us Chinese and a part of our DNA.

  數百年前,即使中國強盛到國內生產總值占世界30%的時候,也從未對外侵略擴張。1840年鴉片戰爭后的100多年里,中國頻遭侵略和蹂躪之害,飽受戰禍和動亂之苦。孔子說,己所不欲,勿施于人。中國人民深信,只有和平安寧才能繁榮發展。
  Several centuries ago, China was strong and its GDP accounted for 30% of the global total. Even then, China was never engaged in aggression or expansion. In over 100 years after the 1840 Opium War, China suffered immensely from aggression, wars and chaos. Confucius said, “Do not do to others what you do not want others to do to you.” We Chinese firmly believe that peace and stability is the only way to development and prosperity.

  中國從一個積貧積弱的國家發展成為世界第二大經濟體,靠的不是對外軍事擴張和殖民掠奪,而是人民勤勞、維護和平。中國將始終不渝走和平發展道路。無論中國發展到哪一步,中國永不稱霸、永不擴張、永不謀求勢力范圍。歷史已經并將繼續證明這一點。
  China has grown from a poor and weak country to the world’s second largest economy not by committing military expansion or colonial plunder, but through the hard work of its people and our efforts to uphold peace. China will never waver in its pursuit of peaceful development. No matter how strong its economy grows, China will never seek hegemony, expansion or sphere of influence. History has borne this out and will continue to do so.

  第二,中國促進共同發展的決心不會改變。中國有句古語叫“落其實思其樹,飲其流懷其源”。中國發展得益于國際社會,中國也為全球發展作出了貢獻。中國將繼續奉行互利共贏的開放戰略,將自身發展機遇同世界各國分享,歡迎各國搭乘中國發展的“順風車”。
  Second, China remains unchanged in its commitment to pursue common development. An old Chinese saying goes, when you reap fruits, you should remember the tree; when you drink water, you should remember its source. China’s development has been possible because of the world, and China has contributed to the world’s development. We will continue to pursue a win-win strategy of opening-up, share our development opportunities with other countries and welcome them aboard the fast train of China’s development.

  1950年至2016年,中國累計對外提供援款4000多億元人民幣,今后將繼續在力所能及的范圍內加大對外幫扶。國際金融危機爆發以來,中國經濟增長對世界經濟增長的貢獻率年均在30%以上。未來5年,中國將進口8萬億美元的商品,吸收6000億美元的外來投資,中國對外投資總額將達到7500億美元,出境旅游將達到7億人次。這將為世界各國發展帶來更多機遇。
  Between 1950 and 2016, China provided foreign countries with over 400 billion yuan of aid, and we will continue to increase assistance to others as its ability permits. Since the outbreak of the international financial crisis, China has contributed to over 30% of global growth each year on average. In the coming five years, China will import eight trillion US dollars of goods, attract 600 billion US dollars of foreign investment, make 750 billion US dollars of outbound investment, and Chinese tourists will make 700 million outbound visits. All this will bring more development opportunities to other countries.

  中國堅持走符合本國國情的發展道路,始終把人民權利放在首位,不斷促進和保護人權。中國解決了13億多人口的溫飽問題,讓7億多人口擺脫貧困,這是對世界人權事業的重大貢獻。我提出“一帶一路”倡議,就是要實現共贏共享發展。目前,已經有100多個國家和國際組織積極響應支持,一大批早期收獲項目落地開花。中國支持建設好亞洲基礎設施投資銀行等新型多邊金融機構,為國際社會提供更多公共產品。
  China pursues a path of development in keeping with its national conditions. We always put people’s rights and interests above everything else and have worked hard to advance and uphold human rights. China has met the basic living needs of its 1.3 billion-plus people and lifted over 700 million people out of poverty, which is a significant contribution to the global cause of human rights. The Belt and Road initiative I put forward aims to achieve win-win and shared development. Over 100 countries and international organizations have supported the initiative, and a large number of early harvest projects have been launched. China supports the successful operation of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and other new multilateral financial institutions in order to provide more public goods to the international community.

  第三,中國打造伙伴關系的決心不會改變。中國堅持獨立自主的和平外交政策,在和平共處五項原則基礎上同所有國家發展友好合作。中國率先把建立伙伴關系確定為國家間交往的指導原則,同90多個國家和區域組織建立了不同形式的伙伴關系。中國將進一步聯結遍布全球的“朋友圈”。
  Third, China remains unchanged in its commitment to foster partnerships. China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace, and is ready to enhance friendship and cooperation with all other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. China is the first country to make partnership-building a principle guiding state-to-state relations. It has formed partnerships of various forms with over 90 countries and regional organizations, and will build a circle of friends across the world.

  中國將努力構建總體穩定、均衡發展的大國關系框架,積極同美國發展新型大國關系,同俄羅斯發展全面戰略協作伙伴關系,同歐洲發展和平、增長、改革、文明伙伴關系,同金磚國家發展團結合作的伙伴關系。中國將繼續堅持正確義利觀,深化同發展中國家務實合作,實現同呼吸、共命運、齊發展。中國將按照親誠惠容理念同周邊國家深化互利合作,秉持真實親誠對非政策理念同非洲國家共謀發展,推動中拉全面合作伙伴關系實現新發展。
  China will endeavor to put in place a framework of relations with major powers featuring general stability and balanced growth. We will strive to build a new model of major country relations with the United States, a comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination with Russia, partnership for peace, growth, reform and among different civilizations with Europe, and a partnership of unity and cooperation with BRICS countries. China will continue to uphold justice and friendship and pursue shared interests, and boost pragmatic cooperation with other developing countries to achieve common development. We will further enhance mutually beneficial cooperation with our neighbors under the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness. We will pursue common development with African countries in a spirit of sincerity, being result oriented, affinity and good faith. And we will elevate our comprehensive cooperative partnership with Latin America to a higher level.

  第四,中國支持多邊主義的決心不會改變。多邊主義是維護和平、促進發展的有效路徑。長期以來,聯合國等國際機構做了大量工作,為維護世界總體和平、持續發展的態勢作出了有目共睹的貢獻。
  Fourth, China remains unchanged in its commitment to multilateralism. Multilateralism is an effective way to preserve peace and promote development. For decades, the United Nations and other international institutions have made a universally recognized contribution to maintaining global peace and sustaining development.

  中國是聯合國創始成員國,是第一個在聯合國憲章上簽字的國家。中國將堅定維護以聯合國為核心的國際體系,堅定維護以聯合國憲章宗旨和原則為基石的國際關系基本準則,堅定維護聯合國權威和地位,堅定維護聯合國在國際事務中的核心作用。
  China is a founding member of the United Nations and the first country to put its signature on the UN Charter. China will firmly uphold the international system with the UN as its core, the basic norms governing international relations embodied in the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the authority and stature of the UN, and its core role in international affairs.

  中國-聯合國和平與發展基金已經正式投入運營,中國將把資金優先用于聯合國及日內瓦相關國際機構提出的和平與發展項目。隨著中國持續發展,中國支持多邊主義的力度也將越來越大。
  The China-UN Peace and Development Fund has been officially inaugurated. We will make funds available to peace and development oriented programs proposed by the UN and its agencies in Geneva on a priority basis. China’s support for multilateralism will increase as the country continues to develop itself.

  女士們、先生們、朋友們!
  Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,

  對中國來講,日內瓦具有一份特殊的記憶和情感。1954年,周恩來總理率團出席日內瓦會議,同蘇聯、美國、英國、法國等共同討論政治解決朝鮮問題和印度支那停戰問題,展現和平精神,為世界和平貢獻了中國智慧。1971年,中國恢復在聯合國的合法席位、重返日內瓦國際機構后,逐步參與裁軍、經貿、人權、社會等各領域事務,為重大問題解決和重要規則制定提供了中國方案。近年來,中國積極參與伊朗核、敘利亞等熱點問題的對話和談判,為推動政治解決作出了中國貢獻。中國先后成功向國際奧委會申辦夏季和冬季兩屆奧運會和殘奧會,中國10多項世界自然遺產和文化自然雙重遺產申請得到世界自然保護聯盟支持,呈現了中國精彩。
  Geneva invokes a special memory to us. In 1954, Premier Zhou Enlai led a Chinese delegation to the Geneva Conference, and worked with the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom and France to seek political settlement of the Korean issue and a ceasefire in Indo-China. This demonstrated China’s desire for peace and contributed Chinese wisdom to world peace. Since 1971 when China regained its lawful seat in the UN and began to return to international agencies in Geneva, China has gradually involved itself in disarmament, trade, development, human rights and social issues, putting forth Chinese proposals for the resolution of major issues and the making of important rules. In recent years, China has taken an active part in dialogues and negotiations on the Iranian nuclear issue, the Syrian issue and other hotspot issues, giving Chinese input to their political settlement. China applied to the International Olympic Committee to host both the summer and winter Olympic and Paralympic Games, and we have won the bids. In addition, we have gained endorsement from the International Union for Conservation of Nature for over a dozen applications for world natural heritage sites as well as world cultural and natural heritage sites. All this has presented Chinese splendor to the world.

  女士們、先生們、朋友們!
  Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,

  中國古人說:“善學者盡其理,善行者究其難。”構建人類命運共同體是一個美好的目標,也是一個需要一代又一代人接力跑才能實現的目標。中國愿同廣大成員國、國際組織和機構一道,共同推進構建人類命運共同體的偉大進程。
  The ancient Chinese believed that “one should be good at finding the laws of things and solving problems”. Building a community of shared future is an exciting goal, and it requires efforts from generation after generation. China is ready to work with all the other UN member states as well as international organizations and agencies to advance the great cause of building a community of shared future for mankind.

  1月28日,中國人民將迎來農歷丁酉新年,也就是雞年春節。雞年寓意光明和吉祥。“金雞一唱千門曉。”我祝大家新春快樂、萬事如意!
  On 28 January, we Chinese will celebrate the Chinese New Year, the Year of the Rooster. The rooster symbolizes bright prospects and auspiciousness. As a Chinese saying goes, the crow of the golden rooster heralds a great day for all. With that, I wish you all the very best and a very happy Chinese New Year!

  謝謝大家。
  Thank you.


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